What Are the Subspecialties of Physiotherapy?

Physiotherapy is a healthcare treatment that intends to enhance, preserve, and recover a client’s mobility, function, and overall well-being. Physical recovery, injury prevention, and health and fitness are all aided by physiotherapy.

Massage, heat therapy, exercises, electrotherapy, patient education, and counseling for treating an injury, sickness, or deformity are all examples of therapeutic techniques. Physiotherapy uses clinically established physical methods and an extensive understanding of how the human body functions.

Physiotherapists that are certified and skilled can give individualized treatment programs that can assist you in various ways.

Sub-Specialties of Physiotherapy

Neurological Physiotherapy

Neuro physiotherapy focuses on enhancing the function of individuals who have had a physical disability due to neurological conditions. Neurological physiotherapy includes stroke, spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain traumas, multiple sclerosis, sciatica, aneurysm, and Parkinson’s disease.

Orthopedic/ Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy

Orthopedic physiotherapists have specialized training and experience in analyzing and treating injuries and conditions involving the skeleton (bones), muscles, tendons, ligaments, and fascia. The primary objective is to minimize pain, promote mobility, and correct skeletal damage. If you have a musculoskeletal problem, you should see Dartmouth physiotherapists.

Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy

A cardiopulmonary therapist is a specialist who helps clients overcome physical and functional impairment, activity limitations, and participation restrictions caused by impairments of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems’ structures and functions. They are also vital in treating various problems, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery condition, heart failure, and many others.

Pediatric Physiotherapy

Pediatric physiotherapists are experts in child development, especially movement development. They help in the recovery from severe injuries and birth abnormalities. As a result, newborns and children will benefit from consulting a pediatric physiatrist.

Being able to move comfortably and successfully is essential for learning and growth. Physiotherapists utilize a range of therapy exercises in children to reinforce the afflicted areas. Movement helps newborns and children investigate their bodies and how they function, and their environment.

Geriatric Physiotherapy

Geriatric physiotherapy covers a broad spectrum of conditions that affect people as they age. Alzheimer’s disease, joint inflammation, balance difficulties, cancer, osteoporosis, hip, and joint replacement, and incontinence are just a few health problems that affect our bodies as we age. Geriatric physiotherapists instruct the elderly on how to restrict movements that might worsen discomfort and provide gait aids to enhance general mobility and reduce pain using various methods and exercises.

Common Physiotherapy Treatment Modalities

Massage Therapy

Physiotherapists incorporate massage therapy in Halifax to modify and mobilize damaged joints by massaging them with their hands.


Acupuncture Halifax is an ancient medical practice that inserts fine needles into precise body sites, temporarily soothing discomfort.

Advanced Wireless Muscle Stimulation

Muscle stimulation is utilized in active muscular therapy to assist overcome muscle imbalances by focusing on the specific muscle group that is not activating appropriately.


This method encourages the body’s natural healing mechanism. A tape is used to raise the skin away from the connective tissue, increasing the space and permitting the lymphatic fluid to flow more effectively.

ART ® (Active Release Technique) Therapy

ART Therapy is a hands-on, cutting-edge soft tissue therapy that addresses muscle, tendon, ligament, fascia, and nerve issues. ART may cure a wide variety of troubles throughout the body in a brief period – and in many cases, permanently.


Physiotherapy is particularly effective in disorders affecting the bones, joints, and soft tissue. According to a research study, physiotherapy enhances rehabilitation and recovery while also helping to avoid additional damage. Your Physiotherapist will discuss what to expect before and after treatment and offer suggestions for normal reactions.

You can start increasing your exercise level after seeing a Physiotherapist. A little exercise will be advantageous and essential to your therapy in almost all circumstances, improving tissue healing, decreasing discomfort, and promoting healing.


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